First Roman Emperor, Augustus started as C. Julius Caesar Octavianus when he was adopted by Julius Caesar in his will. He joined the Second Triumvirate with Mark Antony and Lepidus to defeat Caesar's Assassins and rule the empire jointly. In 31 BC Octavian defeated Antony at the Battle of Actium and, since Lepidus was in exile, now ruled the empire solely. He adopted the name Augustus and by 27 BC had achieved absolute political and legal dominance. e raised his family to prominence but due to mishap, lost many heirs before their times. He finally adopted his stepson Tiberius and bequeathed the Empire to him when he died in AD 14
For explanations of many of the abbreviations used in Roman imperial obverse legends, click here.
Bronze as issued AD 10-12.
Obv: IMP CAESAR DIVI F AVGVSTVS IMP XX, Bare head facing left.
Rev: PONTIF MAXIM TRIBVN POT XXXIIII, Large SC.
Nearly Very Fine | AUD $100.00
Augustus and Zenodorus, Syria, Chalcis
Bronze AE20 issued 31/30 BC.
Obv: NE BΠΣ, Bare head of Octavian right.
Rev: ZHNOΔOPOY TETPAPXOY KAI APXHPEΩΣ, Bare head of Zenodorus left.
Very Fine | AUD $200.00
Silver denarius issued 15-13 BC.
Obv: AVGVSTVS DIVI F, Bare head facing right.
Rev: IMP X, Emperor seated on platform receiving olive branches from two soldiers standing before him.
About Very Fine | AUD $700.00