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Gordian III

Marcus Antonius Gordianus
Augustus (AD 238-244)  |  De Imperatoribus Romanis entry

Gordian III, the grandson of Gordian I and nephew of Gordian II (those two briefly reigned Emperors who rebelled against the savage rule of Maximinus) was proclaimed Emperor at the age of around 13, in 238 AD. Chronicles of his reign closely match his predecessor Severus Alexander, and there are many similarities between their reigns: both come to the throne young, and both praised for their mild rule by the historians who were of the senatorial class. Gordian III was married to Tranquilla, the daughter of his Praetorian Prefect Timesitheus, who appeared to be the main power behind the throne. Timesitheus proved to be an able administrator and is possibly the reason behind the good name of Gordian's reign. However, he fell ill and died in 243 AD. His successor was Philip, an Arab, who cleverly turned the mood of the soldiers on the Persian campaign against their young Emperor. They murdered him while he pitifully begged Philip for his life. Philip was proclaimed Emperor (244 AD)


Obverse Legends on coins depicting Gordian III

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Coins of Gordian III currently available

Gordian III, Cilicia, Tarsus
Bronze AE36 issued AD 238-244.
Obv: [AVT K M ANT] ΓOPΔ [IANOC CEB], Radiate draped bust right, Π before and Π behind.
Rev: Two Ciliarch crowns decorated with busts.
Fair-Fine   |   AUD $40.00
Gordian III
Bronze sestertius issued AD 243/244.
Obv: IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG, Laureate, draped bust.
Rev: VICTORIA AETERNA SC, Victory standing resting on shield.
Good Fine/Fair   |   AUD $45.00
Gordian III, Lycaonia, Iconium
Bronze AE28 issued AD 238-244.
Obv: IMP CAES M ANT GORDIANVS AVG, Laureate, draped bust facing right.
Rev: ICONIENSI COLO, Tyche with turreted head seated left, wheel beneath seat (SR in ex.).
Fine-Very Fine   |   AUD $50.00
Gordian III
Silver antoninianus issued AD 239.
Obv: IMP CAES M ANT GORDIANVS AVG, Radiate, draped bust facing right.
Rev: PM TRP II COS PP, Providentia holding globe and traverse sceptre.
Very Fine   |   AUD $60.00
Gordian III
Silver antoninianus issued AD 241/242.
Obv: IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG, Radiate, draped bust facing right.
Rev: PM TRP IIII COS II PP, Emperor standing right holding traverse sceptre and globe.
Good Very Fine   |   AUD $75.00
Gordian III
Silver antoninianus issued AD 240-244.
Obv: IMP CAES M ANT GORDIANVS AVG, Radiate, draped bust facing right.
Rev: IOVI CONSERVATORI, Jupiter standing left holding thunderbolt and sceptre towering over emperor before.
Nice Very Fine   |   AUD $90.00
Gordian III
Silver denarius issued AD 241/242.
Obv: IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG, Laureate, draped bust facing right.
Rev: SECVRITAS PVBLICA, Securitas seated left holding head and sceptre.
Very Fine-Extremely Fine   |   AUD $100.00
Gordian III, Moesia, Viminacium
Bronze AE23 issued AD 244.
Obv: IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG, Radiate, draped and cuirassed bust facing right.
Rev: PMS COL VIM, Moesia standing between bull and lion (AN IIII in ex.).
Very Fine   |   AUD $120.00
Gordian III, Viminacium
Bronze AE21 issued AD 242/243.
Obv: IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG, Radiate, draped bust facing right.
Rev: PMS COL VIM, Moesia standing between bull and lion (AN IIII in ex.).
Very Fine-Extremely Fine   |   AUD $150.00
Gordian III
Bronze sestertius issued AD 243/244.
Obv: IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG, Laureate, draped bust facing right.
Rev: SECVRIT PERPET, Securitas leaning on column and holding sceptre.
Nice Very Fine   |   AUD $230.00
Gordian III
Bronze dupondius issued AD 239.
Obv: IMP CAES M ANT GORDIANVS AVG, Radiate, draped bust facing right.
Rev: LIBERALITAS AVG II, Liberalitas standing left holding abacus and double cornucopiae, SC in field across.
Very Fine   |   AUD $260.00