Philip I, the Arab, did hail from Arabia and was Praetorian Prefect under his young Emperor Gordian III. Philip cleverly turned the mood of the troops against their emperor who was killed and Philip proclaimed in his place (244 AD). Philip quickly abandoned the war against Persia, seeking terms, and hurried back to Rome to consolidate his power. In Rome he stayed whilst appointing other men to deal with problems on the borders. He conferred the title of first Caesar, then Augustus on his young son, also called Philip, but he was never to succeed him. In 249 AD one of the commanders appointed by Philip, Decius, was hailed Emperor by the troops on the Danube, and in the ensuing war Philip lost. Both he and his son were executed and Decius became sole Emperor
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Philip I, Viminacium
Bronze AE29 issued AD 245.
Obv: IMP M IVL PHILIPPVS AVG, Laureate, draped bust facing right.
Rev: PMS COL VIM, Moesia standing between bull and lion (AN VI in ex.).<
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