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Maximianus

M. Aurelius Valerius Maximianus
Augustus (AD 286-305)  |  De Imperatoribus Romanis entry

Marcus Aurelius Valerius Maximianus was a friend and compatriot of the emperor Diocletian. Diocletian raised him to be Augustus in AD 286 when he formed the Tetrarchy. Maximianus stayed loyal to Diocletian throughout his reign, but was reluctant to let go of power when Diocletian wanted them both to resign. Diocletian, however, persuaded him and both Emperors retired on the 1st May AD 305. When Maxentius, the son of the Maximianus, revolted in 306, he called his father out of the retirement. Maximianus was eager to reassume the purple, and became an Augustus for the second time. However Maximianus fell out with his son, and fled to Constantine. The Tetrachic system had got way out of control when the surviving rulers met with the retired Diocletian at Carnuntum in 308. Again Maximianus was persuaded to retire by his friend. But not for long. Under the care of his Constantine, now his son-in-law, Maximianus revolted and assumed the purple for the third time in 310. Constantine acted swiftly however, and Maximianus was killed, either by his own hand or that of another, in the same year. Though loyal to his friend, Maximianus proved loyal to no others, even his own son and son-in-law. He was Emperor an unprecedented three times throughout his patchy career


Obverse Legends on coins depicting Maximianus

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Coins of Maximianus currently available

Maximianus
Bronze antoninianus issued AD 293/294.
Obv: IMP C M A MAXIMIANVS AVG, Radiate, draped bust facing right.
Rev: CONCORDIA MILITVM, Emperor receiving Victory on a globe from Jupiter, Δ between (XXI in ex.).
Very Fine   |   AUD $50.00
Maximianus, Alexandria
Billon tetradrachm issued AD 287/288.
Obv: A K M A OVA MAΞIMIANOC CEB, Laureate draped bust right.
Rev: L Γ, Homonoia (Concordia) hand raised, holding cornucopiae.
Good Very Fine   |   AUD $60.00
Maximianus, Alexandria
Bronze tetradrachm issued AD 286/287.
Obv: A K M A OVA MAΞIMIANOC CEB, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust facing right.
Rev: L B, Eagle standing with wreath in beak.
Good Very Fine   |   AUD $75.00
Maximianus
Bronze follis issued AD 298/299.
Obv: IMP C M A MAXIMIANVS PF AVG, Laureate head facing right.
Rev: GENIO POPVLI ROMANI, Genius standing left holding patera and cornucopiae (TSA in ex.).
Fine-Very Fine   |   AUD $80.00
Maximianus, Alexandria
Bronze tetradrachm issued AD 291/292.
Obv: MAΞIMIANOC CEB, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust facing right.
Rev: L Z, Elpis advancing holding flower and hem of dress.
Very Fine-Extremely Fine   |   AUD $80.00