Julian was the cousin of Constantius II and son of one of Constantine's half brothers. When Constantius II had run out of relatives, he appointed Julian as his Caesar. The devout emperor was unaware that his cousin was a secret pagan. When Constantius grew jealous of Julian's successes in Germany and Gaul, he began to move against him. Julian rebelled, but before things could come to a head, Constantius died, leaving Julian as sole emperor. Julian immediately put in place policies to turn the tide against the new religion, while not persecuting Christians, he removed many of their concessions. Julian died after only a couple of years on the throne in battle against the Persians. Rumours of foul play, however, were circulated. Julian was something a scholar and a philosophy and came too late to return the Empire to paganism. The succeeding Emperor, Jovian, was a devout Christian and reversed many of Julian's policies
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