Romanorum banner

Gordian III

Marcus Antonius Gordianus
Augustus (AD 238-244)  |  De Imperatoribus Romanis entry

Gordian III, the grandson of Gordian I and nephew of Gordian II (those two briefly reigned Emperors who rebelled against the savage rule of Maximinus) was proclaimed Emperor at the age of around 13, in 238 AD. Chronicles of his reign closely match his predecessor Severus Alexander, and there are many similarities between their reigns: both come to the throne young, and both praised for their mild rule by the historians who were of the senatorial class. Gordian III was married to Tranquilla, the daughter of his Praetorian Prefect Timesitheus, who appeared to be the main power behind the throne. Timesitheus proved to be an able administrator and is possibly the reason behind the good name of Gordian's reign. However, he fell ill and died in 243 AD. His successor was Philip, an Arab, who cleverly turned the mood of the soldiers on the Persian campaign against their young Emperor. They murdered him while he pitifully begged Philip for his life. Philip was proclaimed Emperor (244 AD)


Obverse Legends on coins depicting Gordian III

For explanations of many of the abbreviations used in Roman imperial obverse legends, click here.


Coins of Gordian III currently available

Gordian III
Silver antoninianus issued AD 241-243.
Obv: IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG, Radiate, draped bust facing right.
Rev: VIRTVTI AVGVSTI, Hercules standing right holding lions skin and club.<
Good Very Fine   |   AUD $90.00
Gordian III
Silver antoninianus issued AD 241-243.
Obv: IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG, Radiate, draped bust facing right.
Rev: PM TRP COS II PP, Emperor holding traverse spear and globe.<
Nearly Extremely Fine   |   AUD $95.00
Gordian III, Viminacium
Bronze AE21 issued AD 242/243.
Obv: IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG, Radiate, draped bust facing right.
Rev: PMS COL VIM, Moesia standing between bull and lion (AN IIII in ex.).<
Very Fine-Extremely Fine   |   AUD $150.00
Gordian III
Bronze sestertius issued AD 243/244.
Obv: IMP GORDIANVS PIVS FEL AVG, Laureate, draped bust facing right.
Rev: SECVRIT PERPET, Securitas leaning on column and holding sceptre.<
Nice Very Fine   |   AUD $230.00
Gordian III and Tranquillina, Anchialus
Bronze AE27 issued AD 241-244.
Obv: AVT K M ANT ΓOPΔIANOC AVΓ CEB TPANKΓVΛΛEIN, Laureate bust of Gordian facing diademed bust of Tranquillina.
Rev: OVΛΠIANΩN AΓXIAΛEΩN, Hermes standing.<
Good Very Fine   |   AUD $250.00