Licinius I, believed to come from an undistinguished background, was a comrade of Galerius. After the death of Severus and the Council of Carnutum in AD 308, he was appointed the Augustus of the West, surprising both Constantine and Maximinus, who were already Caesars and passed over, and Maxentius, who was the son of the former emperor Maximianus. Licinius quickly came to terms with Constantine though, and was betrothed to Constantine's half-sister. An early clash with Maximinus came to nothing, and both parties agreed to divide their territory at the Bosphorus. However, Maximinus soon invaded Licinius' territory again but this time, despite the fact that Maximinus had twice the manpower, he was soundly defeated. Maximinus fled, but fell ill and died, and Licinius claimed Maximinus' territory. Meanwhile Constantine had defeated Maxentius, and the whole Roman world was divided between the two. Licinius married Constantine's half sister, and both their sons were appointed their father's Caesars. But conflict was inevitable. Relations gradually broke down, until there was outright war. Constantine defeated Licinius in 324 in two battles, though on his sister's pleadings, Licinius and his son were allowed to live. Barely a year later, Constantine reneged on this decision and had them both executed
For explanations of many of the abbreviations used in Roman imperial obverse legends, click here.
Bronze AE3 issued AD 313.
Obv: IMP C VAL LICIN LICINIVS PF AVG, Laureate head facing right.
Rev: IOVI CONSERVATORI AVGG, Jupiter standing left, chlamys across shoulder, leaning on sceptre, Victory on globe in right hand; eagle holding wreath to left, E in right field (SMHT in ex.).<
Very Fine | AUD $50.00
Bronze follis issued AD 313-315.
Obv: IMP LICINIVS PF AVG, Laureate head facing right.
Rev: IOVI CONSERVATORI, Jupiter standing left, chlamys across shoulder, leaning on sceptre, Victory on globe in right hand; eagle holding wreath to left, Ⲉ to right (·SIS· in ex.).<
Very Fine | AUD $65.00