Romanorum banner


M. Aurelius Antoninus
Augustus (AD 211-217)  |  De Imperatoribus Romanis entry

Caracalla was the son of the Emperor Septimius Severus. His real name was Marcus Antoninius (his father having adopted him into the Antonine dynasty) but he was given the name Caracalla because of the short Gallic cloak he frequently wore. Severus' plans for succession included Caracalla and his younger brother Geta to reign jointly, despite their mutual loathing for each other. The joint rule did not long outlive Severus (who died in AD 211) because Caracalla murdered his brother, some say in their mother's own arms. Caracalla continued his father's policy of appeasement to the armies, but added to it more viciousness to the senatorial class and large amounts of megalomania. Caracalla wished to join the Roman and Parthian empires together, and requested the hand of the Parthian King's daughter in marriage. When this offer was politely avoided, Caracalla marched to invade Parthia. Initially he proved quite successful, but he was murdered on the orders of his Praetorian Prefect Macrinus, who, despite not being of the senatorial order, succeeded him as Emperor

Obverse Legends on coins depicting Caracalla

For explanations of many of the abbreviations used in Roman imperial obverse legends, click here.

Coins of Caracalla currently available

Coin image Caracalla
Silver denarius issued AD 200.
Obv: ANTONINVS AVGVSTVS, Laureate, draped bust facing right.
Rev: PONTIF TRP III, Emperor standing left holding globe and spear.
Very Fine   |   AUD $110.00
Coin image Caracalla, Syria, Antioch
Silver tetradrachm issued c. AD 200.
Obv: AVT K M A ANTΩNEINOC CEB, Radiate head facing right.
Rev: ΔHMAPX EΞ VΠATOC, Eagle standing wings spread, wreath in beak.
About Very Fine   |   AUD $110.00
Coin image Caracalla
Silver denarius issued AD 213.
Obv: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG BRIT, Laureate head facing right.
Rev: PROVIDENTIAE DEORVM, Providentia standing holding rod and sceptre, globe at feet.
Very Fine   |   AUD $120.00
Coin image Caracalla
Silver denarius issued AD 205.
Obv: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust facing right.
Rev: INDVLGENTIA AVGG IN CARTH, Dea Caelestis holding thunderbolt and sceptre on lion.
Very Fine   |   AUD $140.00
Coin image Caracalla
Silver denarius issued AD 209.
Obv: ANTONINVS PIVS AVG, Laureate head facing right.
Rev: LIBERTAS AVG, Libertas standing holding pileus and sceptre.
Good Very Fine   |   AUD $150.00