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Maximianus

M. Aurelius Valerius Maximianus

Augustus (AD 286-305)

Marcus Aurelius Valerius Maximianus was a friend and compatriot of the emperor Diocletian. Diocletian raised him to be Augustus in AD 286 when he formed the Tetrarchy. Maximianus stayed loyal to Diocletian throughout his reign, but was reluctant to let go of power when Diocletian wanted them both to resign. Diocletian, however, persuaded him and both Emperors retired on the 1st May AD 305. When Maxentius, the son of the Maximianus, revolted in 306, he called his father out of the retirement. Maximianus was eager to reassume the purple, and became an Augustus for the second time. However Maximianus fell out with his son, and fled to Constantine. The Tetrachic system had got way out of control when the surviving rulers met with the retired Diocletian at Carnuntum in 308. Again Maximianus was persuaded to retire by his friend. But not for long. Under the care of his Constantine, now his son-in-law, Maximianus revolted and assumed the purple for the third time in 310. Constantine acted swiftly however, and Maximianus was killed, either by his own hand or that of another, in the same year. Though loyal to his friend, Maximianus proved loyal to no others, even his own son and son-in-law. He was Emperor an unprecedented three times throughout his patchy career


Obverse Legends on coins depicting Maximianus

For explanations of many of the abbreviations used in Roman imperial obverse legends, click here.


Coins of Maximianus currently available

Coin image Maximianus
Bronze follis issued AD 298/299
Obv: IMP C M A MAXIMIANVS PF AVG, Laureate head facing right
Rev: GENIO POPVLI ROMANI, (TSA in ex.), Genius standing left holding patera and cornucopiae
Fine-Very Fine   |   AUD $80.00
Coin image Maximianus
Bronze follis issued AD 307
Obv: DN MAXIMIANO PF S AVG, Laureate, cuirassed bust facing right
Rev: GENIO POP ROM, (PLN in ex.), Genius standing left holding patera and cornucopiae
Very Fine-Extremely Fine   |   AUD $200.00
Coin image Maximianus
Bronze follis issued AD 307
Obv: DN MAXIMIANO PF S AVG, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust facing right
Rev: GENIO POP ROM, (PLN in ex.), Genius standing left holding patera and cornucopiae
About Extremely Fine   |   AUD $300.00
Coin image Maximianus
Bronze follis issued AD 307
Obv: DN MAXIMIANO PF S AVG, Bare head facing right
Rev: GENIO POP ROM, (PLN in ex.), Genius standing left holding patera and cornucopiae
Very Fine   |   AUD $200.00
Coin image Maximianus, Alexandria
Bronze tetradrachm issued AD 286/287
Obv: A K M A OVA MAΞIMIANOC CEB, Laureate, draped and cuirassed bust facing right
Rev: L B, Eagle standing with wreath in beak
Good Very Fine   |   AUD $75.00